What is Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that makes someone’s pancreas stop producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that we all need. It is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy to survive.

People with Type1 must take daily injections of insulin to live. They need to test their blood sugar levels or blood glucose levels numerous times a day. They must factor what their blood sugar level is, what activity they are doing, have just done or will be doing, eat accordingly and give a dose of their insulin accordingly.

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. However, some older adults have now been diagnosed as well.

The warning signs of Type 1 Diabetes:
Excessive thirst
Frequent urination
Sudden weight loss
Increased hunger
Vision changes
Fatigue
Fruity Breath odor

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 is a metabolic disorder. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does produce insulin. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin which is insulin resistance.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Usually Type 2 is diagnosed in adults. Children however, are now being diagnosed much more frequently.

Complications of Type 1 and Type 2
Diabetes causes increased sugar or glucose in the body. If there is a large amount of sugar in the blood vessels they can be damaged. It basically can lead to damage in every area including the eyes, heart, kidneys and feet. People with diabetes are at a greater risk for blindness, heart attacks and strokes

Gestational Diabetes
During pregnancy many women develop gestational diabetes. Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes creates insulin resistance. Insulin resistance makes it hard for the mother’s body to use insulin.

Diabetes Facts:
Provided by the American Diabetes Association
- Almost 30 million people have diabetes
- 86 million have prediabetes
- 1 out of 9 people in Arizona has diabetes
- 1 out of 3 adults in our country and 1 out of 2 among minority populations will have diabetes by 2050 if present trends continue
- Total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2012 was $245 billion- a 41% increase since 2007

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